I am often called about re-caning chair seats. The first thing I always ask is what kind of caning is on the chair.

HAND- CANING refers to the technique requiring strands of cane to be woven by hand through holes that are drilled in the frame of the chair.
PRE-WOVEN CANE refers to a sheet of cane that is already woven with the diamond like pattern. Chairs that need pre-woven cane have a groove running around the edge of the seat. It comes in sheets that have been woven on looms and comes in a variety of weave patterns.
FIBER RUSH refers to a tough grade paper fiber twisted into a long strand. It is used on square chair seats with dowel rails. Natural rush is similar and is twisted from the leaves of cat tails.